Chronic kidney disease, commonly known as chronic renal disease or CKD, is a disorder in which kidney function gradually deteriorates over time.
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Chronic kidney disease refers to a group of disorders that harm your kidneys and impair their ability to keep you healthy by filtering waste from your blood. If your kidney condition develops, wastes in your blood might build up to dangerously high levels, making you unwell. Complications may arise, such as:
- blood pressure that is too high
- anemia is a condition in which a person (low blood count)
- brittle bones
- nutritional deficiency
- injury to the nerves
Kidney disease raises your chances of developing heart and blood vessel problems. These issues may develop gradually over time. Early detection and treatment can typically prevent the progression of chronic renal disease. When kidney disease continues, it can lead to renal failure, which necessitates dialysis or a kidney transplant in order to stay alive.
Some Important Facts About Kidney Diseases
- 37 million adults in the United States have CKD, and millions more are at risk.
- Early identification can help prevent kidney disease from progressing to renal failure.
- For all persons with CKD, heart disease is the leading cause of death.
What Are The Key Factors That Contribute To Chronic Kidney Disease?
Two-thirds of chronic kidney disease cases are caused by diabetes and high blood pressure, or hypertension.
Diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels remain abnormally high. Uncontrolled blood sugar can harm several organs in your body, including the kidneys, heart, blood vessels, nerves, and eyes, over time.
High blood pressure happens when the pressure of your blood against the walls of your blood vessels rises. High blood pressure, whether uncontrolled or poorly regulated, is a primary cause of heart attacks, strokes, and chronic renal disease. High blood pressure can also be a symptom of chronic renal disease.
The majority of people do not experience significant symptoms until their renal disease has progressed. You may, however, observe that you:
- have swollen feet and ankles
- have puffiness around your eyes especially in the morning
- have dry, itchy skin
- need to urinate more frequently, especially at night
- have trouble concentrating
- have a poor appetite
- have trouble sleeping
- have muscle cramping at night
- have swollen feet and ankles have swollen feet and ankles
What To Do?
To help plan your therapy, your physician will want to identify your diagnosis and examine your kidney function. The doctor will perform following urine and blood tests:
Albumin to creatine ratio pee test: Albumin is a protein that shouldn’t be seen in urine and is a sign of renal disease.
Creatinine blood test: This reveals if the blood has too much creatinine, a waste product.
Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR): Your doctor will determine your GFR based on the results of the tests as well as other factors such as age and gender. The GFR is the most accurate approach to estimate your degree of renal function and stage of kidney disease.