Every year, we observe the World Tuberculosis Day to increase public awareness of the disease’s terrible health, social, and economic implications, and to intensify efforts to stop the global TB epidemic.
The date commemorates the announcement by Dr. Robert Koch in 1882 that he had found the bacteria that caused tuberculosis, paving the path for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
What Is Tuberculosis?
- Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by a bacteria that is spread by inhaling tiny droplets from the coughs or sneezes of the person infected by the disease.
- The lungs are the most commonly affected organ, but it can also affect the stomach (abdomen), glands, bones and neurological system.
- Although tuberculosis is a potentially fatal infection, it can be healed with the correct medications.
- In 1985, tuberculosis infections began to rise in affluent countries, mainly due to the advent of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.HIV weakens a person’s immune system, preventing it from fighting tuberculosis bacteria. As a result of improved management techniques, tuberculosis in the United States began to drop again in 1993. However, to date, it is still a matter of concern.
- The antituberculosis drugs, which are most commonly used to treat the infection, are resistant to several tuberculosis strains. Patients with active tuberculosis need to undergo a series of treatments over several months in order to clear the infection and avoid antibiotic resistance.
What Are The Symptoms Of TB?
- A persistent cough that lasts longer than three weeks and produces phlegm, which may be bloody
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
- High-temperature exhaustion and lethargy
- Loss of appetite
- Neck enlargements
The Two Types Of Tuberculosis
Latent Tuberculosis: You have tuberculosis (TB), but the bacteria in your body are dormant and you have no symptoms. Latent tuberculosis is commonly known as the dormant tuberculosis or tuberculosis infection, which is a type of tuberculosis that does not spread from person to person. Treatment is still extremely essential because latent tuberculosis can often progress to active tuberculosis.
Active Tuberculosis: This Tuberculosis is a disease that makes you sick and, in most circumstances, you can spread it to others. Moreover, one thing which is highly concerning is that it could happen ages after you’ve been exposed to tuberculosis bacteria.
- TB can almost always be cured with treatment. Antibiotics are normally prescribed for a period of six months.
- Because some strains of tuberculosis are resistant to specific medications, a variety of antibiotics are utilized.
- If you have a drug-resistant strain of tuberculosis, you may need to take six or more different drugs.
- If you have pulmonary tuberculosis, you will be contagious for around 2 to 3 weeks after starting therapy.
- You won’t need to be secluded at this period, but you should take some steps to prevent the infection from spreading to your family and friends.
Infants are frequently immunized with the bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine in areas where tuberculosis is more prevalent. The BCG vaccine is not recommended for broad use in the United States because it is ineffective in adults. Hundreds of new tuberculosis vaccinations are being developed and tested at the moment.
Africa – particularly Sub-Saharan Africa (all the African countries south of the Sahara desert) and West Africa, South Asia – including India, Pakistan, Indonesia and Bangladesh, Russia, China, South America, the Western Pacific Region (to the West of the Pacific Ocean) – including Vietnam, Cambodia and the Philippines are the countries with the highest rates of TB.