All You Need To Know About Pollen Allergy

Many people look forward to the warm temperatures, longer days and blooming flowers and trees that spring brings. This season, however, can be a source of agony for more than 300 million people who suffer from allergic rhinitis, including pollen allergies.


Pollen is a very thin powdered material with a yellowish hue. It’s produced in the anther, a component on the end of the stamen (the male reproductive component of the flower) that’s used to fertilize other plants of the same species.

Pollen grains must be transmitted from the anther to the female stigma of another plant in order for pollination to occur. This procedure produces seeds with genetic information for new plant life.

When people inhale pollen, they experience an unfavorable immunological response.

To safeguard against infections, the immune system generally protects the body against dangerous invaders such as viruses and bacteria.

In people with pollen allergies, the immune system fails to identify the benign pollen as a dangerous invader. It begins to produce compounds in order to combat pollen.

This is known as an allergic reaction, and the pollen is referred to as an allergen. The reaction causes a slew of annoying symptoms, including:

  • Sneezing
  • Stuffy nose
  • Watery eyes
  • Itchy head and nose and eyes

Pollen allergies affect people differently, some people all year, while others only experience them during a different time of the year.

Ragweed allergy sufferers are also most afflicted in the late spring and early fall.


In all allergies, the immune system reacts to specific allergy trigger components (allergens). Antibodies are created by your body’s reaction to an allergen, resulting in inflammatory reactions and the release of histamine. Itchy, runny noses and eyes, as well as sneezing, are all symptoms of hay fever.


The best treatment, as with other allergies, is to avoid the allergen. Pollen, on the other hand, is extremely difficult to avoid.

You might be able to reduce your pollen exposure by:

  1. On dry, windy days, remain inside.
  2. Ask for the help of others to handle any gardening or yard maintenance during busy seasons.
  3. When pollen concentrations are high, wear a mask (check the internet or the weather section of the local newspaper).
  4. When pollen counts are high, close doors and windows.


There are various over-the-counter (OTC) drugs that may assist if you still have symptoms after taking these precautions:

  • antihistamines, such as Zyrtec or Benadryl.
  • decongestants, such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed) or oxymetazoline (Afrin nasal spray).
  • antihistamine-decongestant combinations, such as Actifed (triprolidine and pseudoephedrine) and Claritin-D (triprolidine and pseudoephedrine) (loratadine and pseudoephedrine)

Home Remedies

Pollen allergy symptoms can be relieved with a variety of home treatments.

These are some of them:

  • Using a neti pot or a squeeze bottle to flush pollen from the nose, try herbs and extracts like PA-free butterbur or spirulina.
  • Removing and washing any clothing that has been worn outside and drying garments in the dryer rather than on a laundry line outside
  • Investing in a portable high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter or dehumidifier utilizing air conditioning in cars and residences vacuuming regularly with a vacuum cleaner that has a HEPA filter.

Call A Doctor

If your symptoms worsen or your prescriptions cause unpleasant side effects, you should contact your doctor.

Also, before attempting any new supplements or herbal meds, ask your doctor because some can interact with the efficiency of certain prescriptions.

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